عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The governments for supplying public goods and maintaining political stability need reliable financial and non-financial resources. These resources should be provided through taxes or the governments by making self-made restrictions and deficiencies in social and economic system provide them. These limitations while provides financial resources for the government convert the market as a lever for controlling the society. The present article is trying to examine the impact of monopolies and control of economic، social and cultural spheres by the government on social capitals. The underlying hypothesis is that the expansion and intensification of government monopolies in the above said fields weakens and disrupts the social capital. The social capital، in fact regulates relations among human and organizational settings، create norms and builds confidence in the society. As a result in short term it leads to governmental and social corruption and in the long term prepares the ground for social anomie. Therefore، if the protection of private property، equal distribution of opportunities، equality before the law، encouraging public participation in the affairs of the society and finally fight against corruption do not get enough importance achieving development which is the ultimate goal of relations between the government and the society will not be materialized.