عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The ambiguity in the meaning of the concept of ethnicity and ethnic minority has made the interaction of governments with ethnic group a difficult task. In other words the basic measure for wise determination and normative rights of ethnic minorities in a political community is explaining the concept and conceptual framework of the concepts like ethnos, ethnicity, ethnic group and ethnic minority. The present article first defines the concept and meaning of the word ethnicity and its background then it gives different accepted definitions about ethnicity. After that the article chooses a suitable and comprehensive definition about ethnicity (as a challenging fact in modern political community). It also gives a table (perhaps for the first time) which includes indexes for determining the degree and intensity of ethnicity. In this direction for better explanation of the concept of the ethnicity it states different degrees of ethnicity and eventually by combining two words of ethnicity and minority; the ethnic minority is also defined.