عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Abstract: The purpose of writing the present paper is to study the Umm al-Qura, Iranian Civilization and the coalition and alliance doctrines. Which one of the above doctrines is related to foreign policy of Iran? Why among the three said doctrines, the doctrine of Umm-al-Qura can better explain the foreign policy of Iran and shaping of the post Imam Khomeini era foreign policy behavior? The underlying hypothesis is that taking into consideration the universalistic and Islamic feature and objectives and also prescriptive discourse of Iranian foreign policy, prevalence of Islamic culture in foreign policy, based on idealistic Shiite Islam, the doctrine of Umm- al-Qura has a better capability for explaining and interpreting Iran’s Foreign policy. The finding of the study shows that the other two doctrines are not suitable to explain Iran’s foreign policy due to their lack of attention to role of Islam in foreign policy and undervaluing the Islamic idealistic Shiite interest in connection with national interests. The method of data collection is library materials and analyzing data is explanative-comparative.