عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In the history of man several phenomena have been considered as effective factor in formation and shaping of nations. Among the most important factors one can refer to territory, language, religion, history, ideology and common race. But the history is a witness to the fact that in many cases despite the existence of such factors, nations had formed which did not last long. If one assumes that the base of the formation of nations ere the existence of the above said factors, there are evidences in history which rejects the above hypothesis. The present article by a rejectionist approach and by an interpretive and history research method analysis of texts and indirect collection of data and documents, investigates the cases which the first hypothesis is being challenged, then it concludes that nation-building will be sustainable when the development of a nation is based on social justice and other effective factors like territory, language, religion, ideology. In other words the effective factors in nation- building will lead to sustainable nation-building when these factors are mixed with justice. The finding of the study substantiates the hypothesis that effective nation-building factors once mixed with social justice will lead to sustainable nation-building. Therefore, it seems that one of the important factor in sustenance and peace in a society is nation-building based on social justice. A justice which provides the possibility of free and ethical life and evolution oriented for all ethnic communities, races and languages.