تحول در راهبرد نظامی عربستان: زمینه‌ها و دلایل

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیات علمی گروه علوم سیاسی، واحد خرم آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، خرم آباد، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
هدف این مقاله، بررسی تحول در راهبرد نظامی عربستان است. عربستان از زمان تأسیس بیش‌تر به‌عنوان یک کشور نفتی شناخته می‌شد. این کشور اگرچه خود را به عنوان رهبر جهان عرب و حافظ کشورهای شبه جزیره عربستان تلقی می‌کرد؛ اما نیروی نظامی آن علی‌رغم هزینه‌های زیاد، فاقد توانمندی لازم برای نقش‌آفرینی در تحولات منطقه خلیج فارس بود؛ اما از سال 2003 ؛ به‌ویژه پس از بهار عربی، عربستان توانمندی نظامی خود را افزایش داد و مداخله در تحولات منطقه‌ای را شروع نمود. نیروی نظامی عربستان پس از ناآرامی‌ها در بحرین وارد این کشور شد و در حال حاضر به طور همزمان در دو عملیات نظامی مانند حملات هوایی اتئلاف بین‌المللی در سوریه و عملیات هوایی و زمینی علیه حوثی‌های یمن مشارکت دارد. این مقاله به بررسی چرایی تبدیل راهبرد نظامی تدافعی عربستان به راهبرد تهاجمی می‌پردازد و معتقد است با توجه به تغییراتی که در محیط امنیتی عربستان صورت گرفته، این کشور راهبرد نظامی تهاجمی اتخاذ کرده است. این مقاله برای آزمون فرضیه خود از روش توصیفی- تبیینی استفاده کرده و با استفاده از منابع کتابخانه‌ای و اینترنتی نشان می‌دهد که هدف اصلی این راهبرد، مقابله با نفوذ منطقه‌ای ایران است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evolution in Saudi Arabia's Military Strategy: Backgrounds and Reasons

نویسنده [English]

  • Nader Pourakhondi
Political science, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Azad University, Khorramabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract:
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is more known as an oil exporting state than a military power. Saudi Arabia have always been claiming as the leader of the Arab World and protector of the countries of Saudi Arabia Peninsula but its military force despite spending considerable amount of money does not have the ability for playing a prominent role in Persian Gulf region’s developments but from 2003, especially after Arab Spring events it has improved its military capabilities and interferes in regional developments. The Saudi Arabia military entered Bahrain after the unrest in that country. At present the Saudi Arabia military forces simultaneously participates in two military operations i.e. air attack in Syria along with international coalition and air and land operation against the Houthies in Yemen. The present article wants to examine the reason of Saudi Arabia military doctrine change from defensive to offensive position. The hypothesis is that the changes which have taken place in security environment of Saudi Arabia have led this country to adopt an offensive military doctrine. The present article has used descriptive-analytical method. The finding of the study shows that the purpose of the change in the military strategy of Saudi Arabia is to contain the regional influence of Iran.   

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Saudi Arabia
  • military strategy
  • regional competition
  • aggressive strategy
  • Iran
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