عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Syria is the most important neighbour of Turkey. Both Turkey and Syria have important geostrategic location in the region. During the past decades within the framework of regional policy of Justice and Development Party, new chapter started in the relations of Syria and Turkey. As a result the relations of the two countries expanded in many spheres. But for the past recent year the relations of the two countries have been overshadowed with the internal developments of Syria. From the beginning of the protests by the oppositions of Bashar Assad, Turkish government led by Rajab Tayeb Erdogan tried to play the role of a mediator. By continuation of the protest movements the mediation policy of Turkish government tilted towards diplomatic pressure on Assad government to implement democratic reforms and paying attention to demands of protesters and this got an imperious tone. Turkey and Syria, in the past had obstacle on the way of their bilateral relations. There are three main disputes between the two countries. First is the difference between the two countries on Hatay province which is in Turkey’s occupation. The second dispute is on question of sharing of common rivers between the two countries and the third and most important dispute is on Turkish question. The recent developments in the Middle East regarding the people’s uprisings, and Turkey foreign policy which has multidimensional aspect have interacted with each other. As a result Turkey’s relations with Syria have moved from interaction to confrontation and this has affected Syria’s security and the repercussion of this insecurity has negative impact on Iran’s political security. The present paper by a descriptiveanalytical method wants to examine the position of the Turkey in Syria’s political development and its impact on Iran’s political security.