عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Among the most important question in the field of general law is the mechanism of supervising the government and the rulers. This mental pre-occupation is having long historic roots and as a result the efforts made by intellectual and s are extensive. The important question in this regard is the efficiency and feasibility of the suggested ways. Choosing a comparative approach is in fact a good answer to this question. The present paper tries to present a comparative approach between Islam and liberal democracy and evaluate the efficiency of methods of supervising the government. Obviously this evaluation will be possible by taking into consideration the principle, aim and implementation guarantees of both the systems. The paper is of the view that the political and legal system of Islam is more efficient. The reason to support this view is that the Islamic legal and political system is having a double mechanism for supervision, one is the internal supervision and the second one is the external supervision. The experience of prophet Mohammad (PBU) and Imam Ali (PBU) rules in the initial years of Islam is clear witness to this claim. It can also be a suitable and exceptional model for present day.